You are here
Sohna Aminatta Ngum
A common image of Africa is that of women and girls walking long distances carrying heavy loads of water and fuelwood. Climate Change is forcing women and girls to walk ever longer distances due to water and fuel scarcity – endangering their health and safety – and restricting their educational and income generating opportunities.
Africa has ample energy resources (including fossil fuels and renewables), enough to meet its energy needs, yet the continent struggles to ensure that this bounty reaches its people. Over two thirds of Africans lack access to modern energy. Sub-Saharan Africa is significantly affected, where just 290 million out of 915 million people have electricity access; and nearly 730 million Africans rely on the traditional use of solid biomass for cooking.
The African subcontinent has experienced rapid economic growth since 2000. African Development Bank (AfDB) Group demographic projections indicate that Africa’s population will increase from 1 billion in 2010 to 1.6 billion in 2030. The continent’s urban population is expected to increase from 40% of the total population to over 50%, increasing the already high unmet demand for water.